The history of Rolls-Royce
Henry Royce, a successful engineer and Charles Rolls, owner of one of the UK's of a long-standing relationship between Rolls-Royce and the royal family. Henry Royce started designing the very first Rolls-Royce in on cars and it was with this kind of marketing and branding that Rolls Royce would the s as Rolls-Royce would pen an exclusive relationship with the. Rolls-Royce was a British luxury car and later an aero engine manufacturing business established in by the partnership of Charles Rolls and Henry Royce. A marketing survey in showed that only Coca-Cola was a more widely.
He became the second Englishman to go up in an aeroplane. Piloted by Wilbur Wright their flight on 8 October from Camp d'Auvours, eleven kilometres east of Le Manslasted four minutes and twenty seconds. Founder in with Frank Hedges Butler of the ballooning club that became the Royal Aero Club  in March he was the second person they licensed to fly an aeroplane. Death[ edit ] Photograph on the front page of the Illustrated London News, 16 Julyshowing the wreckage of the plane crash which killed Rolls On 12 Julyat the age of 32, Rolls was killed in an air crash at Hengistbury Airfield,  SouthbourneBournemouth when the tail of his Wright Flyer broke off during a flying display.
He was the first Briton to be killed in an aeronautical accident with a powered aircraft, and the eleventh person internationally. His was also the first powered aviation fatality in the United Kingdom. His grave is just below Llangattock Manor and bears the inscription: A further memorial to him was unveiled in in the bottom playing field of St Peter's SchoolBournemouth, which was developed on the site of Hengistbury Airfield.
He became known as "Dirty Rolls" and "Petrolls" because of his 'hands on' approach. He was accepted as student member of the Institution of Civil Engineers in February He had a reputation for being very careful with money, economical with food and a very modest intake of alcohol. Charles Rolls makes his his first balloon flight, Sept. In Rolls established a world land speed record of 93 mph in Dublin driving a 30 hp Mors. This was a French car models of which he imported and distributed.
Invia a mutual friend and another founder member of the Automobile Club, a Mr. Rolls-Royce came into being at Christmas and from then on the 10 hp cars were so named as they were previously called Royce cars.
This meeting gradually directed Rolls' interest from balloons to powered flight. It was not Rolls-Royce powered because Royce, having collapsed at work inwas yet to design a Rolls-Royce aero engine. This was a tail-less wheel-less model aircraft really of specification. Rolls was relieved Rolls-Royce Limited of some duties in January to pursue aircraft interests. Rolls completes the first double crossing of the Channel http: On 12 July in a 20 - 25 mph wind he crashed when tail plane broke at the Bournemouth International Aviation Meeting in celebration of the town's centenary.
History:Two Henrys - RROCA-info
Rolls was the first Briton to die in an aviation accident. At this time Rolls' exploits had built up such a following in Great Britain that Lord Montague of Beaulieu interrupted his speech in the House of Lords to announcethe death. With its success Royce was into the motor car business. Royce entered his first 10 hp car in the Automobile Club Sideslip Trials in April and it performed faultlessly attracting the admiration of Massac Buist, a motoring correspondent and friend of Hon C S Rolls.Rolls-Royce - What else do they make other than luxury cars?
Subsequently Henry Edmunds introduced Rolls and Royce and by December the name Rolls-Royce was established and a range of cars from a two cylinder 10 hp to a six cylinder 30 hp were on display at the Paris Salon. Rolls, and other drivers, enjoyed a considerable degree of success in the following years in a variety of trials and endurance runs which obviously helped promotion of the marque. Both Ford and Royce recognised the value of competing in races and reliability trials as a means of establishing their products in the market-place.
Ford entered his first race in October and came second; mainly because so many other participants withdrew. Two years later his new racer "" won a major race in the hands of Barney Oldfield, a champion cyclist Ford taught to drive overnight, because his wife Clara refused to let him compete.
A few weeks later Ford in a twin of "" set a world speed record of 60 mph. These successes attracted financial support from Alexander Malcolmson which enabled Ford to establish the Ford Motor Co. He quickly ordered two-cylinder 8 hp engines and transmissions from a local manufacturing firm, Dodge Bros, and soon after the Ford Model A appeared and sold quickly. Whilst Royce was keen to develop a six cylinder engine because of the smoothness of its power strokes the first few were plagued with crankshaft failure.
Royce persisted and quite by accident discovered the slipper flywheel which eradicated torsional vibrations common in such engines. Amongst the cars on the Ford stand was a luxury Model K - a six cylinder Ford which Henry had been obliged to build to satisfy the wishes of his partners.
It was the only one he ever built. Later he is reputed to have said, "A car should have no more cylinders than a cow has teats". Charles Rolls attended this Show and it is not known whether he and Ford met. Ford would certainly have been aware that Rolls was there since he was the winner of the under 25 hp class race in a Rolls-Royce 20 hp. The car was sold to Captain Hutton who set a world land speed record for an under 60 hp car over a five mile course at Ormond Beach in the following year.
The two Henrys did agree on one thing - or at least separately came to the same conclusion at about the same time - and that was to abandon the multiplicity of models and concentrate on one model only.
Ford, having utilised all the letters of the alphabet from A to S, settled on his latest creation, the Model T. The Silver Ghost remained in production from until during which were made and of these in Springfield, USA. The Model T was available from untilby which time over 15 million had been produced. This fact alone prompts the question, "Which car was the more successful? There were certainly many striking differences. One was complicated, the other simple.
R-R were heavy, Fords were light, The Ford chassis consisted of two pressed steel channel sections, which unlike the heavily cross-braced Silver Ghost chassis, had only two cross members - one at the front and one at the rear for the transverse springs. The engine boasted a three point mounting and the body had six bolts holding it to the flexible chassis. It is of interest that Henry Ford once owned a Rolls-Royce. I have seen no evidence that Royce owned a Ford.
Whilst in England on this occasion the Fords visited Ireland where they saw Henry's father's birthplace. It was described as "a crumbling structure with a caved-in roof and two barren rooms".
Henry had a very humble Irish ancestry. The English subsidiary prospered and became the avenue through which Ford established his various European subsidiaries. The Trafford Park factory was an integrated facility where the raw materials, such as coal and iron ore, came in at one end and completed motor cars drove out the other end. They were fast and reliable.
Model T Fords were also used on the battlefields of Europe. They proved as durable in the rough slushy conditions on the Western Front as they had on the farms in USA. Both Henrys were among the first to utilise alloys and the spindly looking axles, springs, crankshafts and connection rods on T Models owed their incredible strength to vanadium steels which Ford pioneered.
Royce was also alert to the benefits of alloying, particularly in the case of aluminium and he led the world in the use of aluminium alloys in aircraft engines. By R-R held over sixty five patents for such alloys, many of which were being made under licence around the world.
Henry Royce - Wikipedia
By the mid 20s the T Model was obsolete and rapidly losing market share to Chevrolet and Dodge. Henry was reluctant to change and it was his stubbornness that nearly brought the company down. Henry had complete control of the company since when he had bought out the minority shareholders. In he was the richest man in USA. Finally, when sales halved he gave in, and threw all his energy into designing a new, more conventional car.
About Bentley and Rolls-Royce
Like Royce, Ford worked remotely from the Plant during this period with a number of capable draftsmen, notably Lawrence Sheldrick, who had been involved with a doomed X-8 Henry once built. The Ford plant was closed down, re-equipped and within eight months the new Model A was released with great fanfare and Ford's popularity recovered. At least when the T Model was abandoned it was replaced by a completely new model.
The successor to the Silver Ghost - the New Phantom - was essentially a new ohv engine in the old chassis. The engineering philosophies and practices of the two Henrys were markedly different, even though the marketing departments of each of the companies would have you believe that their products were designed by capable engineers, made from the best materials, fashioned to the most exacting standards to provide years of reliable, economical, comfortable motoring.
In reality their cars were at the opposite ends of the scale. A Ford was cheap to buy, economical to operate but unreliable, noisy, poorly made, frustrating to drive, rough to ride in and extremely common. A Rolls-Royce on the other hand was expensive, costly to maintain but reliable, silent, well made, easy to drive, smooth to ride in and rare. In terms of their relative longevity I would guess that whilst there may be tens of thousands of T Models surviving in collectors hands the survival rate of Silver Ghosts would be significantly higher.
Next time you see a T Model compare its rugged simplicity. The two halves of the differential housing on a T are held together by seven bolts. On a Ghost there are twenty. Each axle housing is attached to the differential housing by twelve rivets on a Ford. On a Ghost there are twenty four bolts.