We may take it for granted, but a loss of sense of smell can affect your health. For instance, our sense of taste is closely connected with smell because the same nerves and parts of the brain are involved DEMENTIA LINK. New research shows that people who have lost their sense of smell or sense of smell is intricately tied to your emotions, your ability to taste. The senses of taste and smell are related because they use the same types then the sense of taste will also not function because of the relationship of A person's perception of flavor is reduced if he or she has congested nasal passages.
Here are some reasons why your sense of smell could be diminished This is because cells die faster than they can be replaced. Smell that declines with age is known as presbyosmia and is not preventable.
However, catching a cold can make things worse so make sure you wash hands frequently and avoid people who are infected.
Generally, an alternative medicine can be found. Antidepressants linked to loss of smell include doxepin and amitriptyline also used to treat chronic pain caused by nerve damage. Some ACE inhibitors for high blood pressure, including captopril, can alter smell, as can angina drug glyceryl trinitrate.
Statins, the most commonly prescribed medications in the UK, may interfere with taste and smell. Although the history is routinely used to screen for cranial nerve I impairment, specific olfactory testing may be helpful in evaluating the patient with suspected loss of smell. The most widely available olfactory test is the Smell Identification Test. The odors are released by rubbing the microencapsulated strips with a pencil. The patient's test scores are then compared with norms for the same age and gender.
A detailed history is generally the best screening tool.
Research centers often use four ready-made solutions containing sucrose sweetsodium chloride saltyquinine bitter and citric acid sour to obtain information about taste discrimination. Plain radiographs have substantial limitations. These images do not provide sufficient detail for structures such as the osteomeatal complex. Because smell and taste are diminished as people age, many foods taste bland.
Don't ignore the loss of taste and smell - The Clinical Advisor
The mouth tends to be dry more often, further reducing the ability to taste and smell. Also, many older people have a disorder or take drugs that contribute to dry mouth. Because of these changes, older people may eat less.
Then, they may not get the nutrition they need, and if they already have a disorder, their condition may worsen. Other disorders affecting the sense of smell are discussed below see Loss of Smell.
Oversensitivity to smell hyperosmia is much less common than loss of smell. Pregnant women commonly become oversensitive to smell. Hyperosmia can also be psychosomatic. That is, people with psychosomatic hyperosmia have no apparent physical disorder. Psychosomatic hyperosmia is more likely to develop in people who have a histrionic personality characterized by conspicuous seeking of attention with dramatic behavior.
Smell and Taste Disorders: A Primary Care Approach - - American Family Physician
Some disorders can distort the sense of smell, making innocuous odors smell disagreeable a condition called dysosmia. These disorders include the following: Infections in the sinuses Partial damage to the olfactory nerves Poor dental hygiene Depression Viral hepatitis, which may cause dysosmia that results in nausea triggered by otherwise inoffensive odors Seizures originating in the part of the brain where memories of smell are stored—the middle part of the temporal lobe—may produce a brief, false sensation of vivid, unpleasant odors olfactory hallucinations.
These odors are part of the intense feeling that a seizure is about to begin called an aura and do not indicate a smell disorder.
Brain infections due to herpesviruses herpes encephalitis may also cause olfactory hallucinations.
Smell and Taste Disorders: A Primary Care Approach
Taste A reduction in the ability to taste hypogeusia orloss of taste ageusia usually results from conditions that affect the tongue, usually by causing a very dry mouth. Nutritional deficiencies, such as decreased zinc, copper, and nickel levels, can alter both taste and smell.
In Bell palsy a disorder in which half of the face is paralyzedthe sense of taste is often impaired on the front two thirds of one side of the tongue the side affected by the palsy.
But this loss may not be noticed because taste is normal or increased in the rest of the tongue. Burns to the tongue may temporarily destroy taste buds. Neurologic disorders, including depression and seizures, may impair taste.