The Apology of St. Aristides of Athens (translation by M. R. James). On Early Christian Writings. Aristides also, a believer earnestly devoted to our religion, left, like Quadratus, an apology for the faith, addressed to Adrian. His work, too, has been preserved. Here follows the defense which Aristides the philosopher made before Hadrian the King on behalf of reverence for God. All-powerful Cæsar Titus Hadrianus.

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Everything that we know of the dogmatics of the early part of the second century agrees with the belief that at that period the Virginity of Mary was a part of the formulated Christian belief.

It is a spontaneous, rather than a commanded charity, dictated at once by love and necessity. Then in the aristies text in Syriac translation was found in the library of St. And alology say that she had once a lover Atys, and that she used to delight in depraved men.

Apology of Aristides – Wikipedia

We know however for certain that he had read the dialogue between Jason and Papiscus, a work of Aristo of Pella, written not long after the close of airstides Jewish war under Hadrian, and so at a period very near to the one in which we are interested. For He fulfilleth the wants of all and completeth them, and being in need of nothing He is glorified unto all time.

If then she is a goddess and was not able to help herself, how is she able to help others? Again they bring forward as another god Hephaistos. It is disgraceful then that a goddess should lament and weep, and that she should have joy over corruptible beings.

Great, then, is the error which the philosophers among them have brought upon their arisgides. Great then is the error and ignominy which the Greeks have brought forward about the first of their gods, in that they have said all this about him, O King.

Since, then, we have addressed you concerning Godso far as our discourse can bear upon him, let us now come to the race of menthat we may know which of them participate in the truth of which we have spoken, and which of them go astray from it. And I perceived that the world and all that is therein are apklogy by the power of another; and I understood that he who moves them is Godaristidfs is hidden in them, and veiled apoloby them.

In Himself He is without beginning, for He is beginning of everything whatever, and is perfect.

Renan was rightly opposed in this sweeping negation of authenticity by Doulcet, who pointed out relations between Alology and the Timaeus as a justification of the philosophical character of the work. And if they hear that one of their number is imprisoned or afflicted on account of the name of their Messiah, all of them anxiously minister to his necessity, and if it is possible to redeem him they set him free.

And as for itself, at times it increases and again abates; and in one place brings help and in a;ology causes disaster at the bidding of him apoloyg rules it. From this it would naturally be inferred that the Quadratus mentioned in the letter was a contemporary of Dionysius of Corinth; for the latter writes to the Athenians at once convicting them of slackness in the faith, and congratulating them on their happy revival under the ministration of Quadratus.


Those who are familiar with the literary tricks of that time, its anagrams, acrostics, isopsephics, and the like, will have not the least paology in seeing that this is og true solution.

He is neither male nor female. For a god who is stolen away is very powerless. And from him Zeus was stolen away without his knowledge ; and at length Zeus bound him, and mutilated the signs of his manhood, and flung them into the sea.

I say, however, concerning this mover of the world, that he is God of all, who made all things for the sake of mankind. Compertum est nobis, o Rex, quatuor esse humani generis stirpes, quae sunt Barbarorum, Graecorum, Hebraeorum atque Christianorum. It is interesting also to compare the custom of the early Christians in the matter of fasting, that they might relieve by their self-denial the necessities of the poor.

Aistides again he changed himself into the likeness of gold through love of Danae, and to a swan aristdes love of Leda, and to a man through love of Antiope, and to lightning through love of Luna, and so by these he begat many children.

The Apology of Aristides the Philosopher

Now in the first book against Celsus, Origen remarks as follows: If then Asclepius was a god, and when struck by lightning was unable to help himself, how is it that he was able to help others? Now very many of the later fathers teach the same doctrine, that fasting and alms are conjoined in duty and merit, and that it is proper, under certain circumstances, for the church to call for such an expression of religion. If then the mother of their aristidew was unable to help her lover and deliver him from death, how can she help others?

Great then is the error which ariistides philosophers have brought upon their followers. And if there is among them any that is poor and needy, and if they have no spare food, they fast two or three days in order to supply to the needy their lack of food.

In the celebrated letter of Irenaeus to Florinus apolpgy probably later than A. Eusebius said that he was an Athenian philosopher [1] and that Aristides and another apologist, Quadratusdelivered their Apologies directly to the Emperor Hadrian. Form he has none, nor yet any union of members; for whatsoever possesses these is kindred to things fashioned. And if any righteous man among them passes from the world, they rejoice and offer thanks to God; and qpology escort his body as if he were setting out from one place to another near.

For if they who are aristidrs their gods practised all these things which are written above, how much more should men practise them — men, who believe that their gods themselves practised them.

The Apology of Aristides: Texts and Studies 1 () pp. Introduction.

Every morning and every hour they give thanks and praise to God for His loving-kindnesses toward them; and for their food and their drink they offer thanksgiving to Him. It is impossible that a god should be bound or mutilated; and if it be otherwise, he is indeed miserable. And besides if water be collected upon it, it is dissolved spology with its products.

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We were so happy as to discover this text in a volume of Syriac extracts preserved in the library of the convent of St Catharine, upon Mount Sinai, during airstides delightful visit which we paid to those majestic solitudes and silences in the spring of Take, then, their writings, and read therein, and lo!

Untilour knowledge of Aristides was confined to some references in works by Eusebius of Caesarea and Saint Jerome. applogy

We do not indeed attach any especial weight to Jerome’s statement as to the time of the persecution, which is simply a combination made up out of passages from Eusebius concerning Quadratus and Dionysius with slight amplifications. Once also, Aphrodite was wailing and weeping for the death of Tammuz, and they say that she went down to Sheol that she might redeem Adonis from Persephone, who is the daughter of Sheol Hades.

Apology of Aristides

And after him they bring forward as a goddess Artemis, the sister of Aristidex and they say that she was a huntress and that she herself used to carry a bow and bolts, and to roam about upon the mountains, leading the hounds to hunt stags or wild bears of the apoloyy. And at length he was struck with lightning by Dios on account of Tyndareos of Lacedaemon, and so he died. Amabo, per Bibliothecas oberrare, venaturus si quid scripsit Quadratus, si praeter epistolam alia Polycarpus, si nonnihil praeter Apologeticon Aristides.

They do not worship strange gods, and they go their way in all modesty and cheerfulness. And hence it is impossible that the winds should be called gods, but rather a thing made by God. And as for their words and their precepts, O King, and their glorying in apolofy worship, and the hope of earning according to the work of each one of them their recompense which they look for in another world, you may learn about these from their writings.

And lastly he changed himself into the likeness of an eagle through his passion for Ganydemos Ganymede the shepherd. And it comes to me to wonder also, O king, at their philosophers, how they too have erred and have named gods those likenesses which have been made in honour of the elements; and the wise men have not understood that these very elements are corruptible and dissoluble; for if a little part of the element be dissolved or corrupted, all of it is dissolved and corrupted.

Ariwtides it is impossible that a god should be mad or apoloy or a slayer of his children, or destroyed by fire. And they have not apprehended God our Lord who while He is one, is in wristides.