Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned. Berlioz’s orchestration treatise is a classic textbook which has been used as – Berlioz’s Orchestration Treatise: A Translation and Commentary -.

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The place occupied by musicians, the way they are arranged on a horizontal or inclined platform, in an enclosure that is shut on three sides or at the centre of a hall, with sound-reflectors made of orchhestration material suitable for reflecting sound, or of soft material which absorbs it and cuts the vibrations short, placed nearer or further away from the musicians, all of these have considerable importance. The player does this by bringing the cymbals close to his chest immediately after striking them.

Its lower notes provide excellent basses for the whole woodwind section. Read, highlight, and take notes, across web, tablet, and phone. When a musician was not capable of performing adequately a violin part, he turned to the viola. A few random examples: Berliox of the great masters of tfeatise previous century thought it appropriate to introduce it in the orchestra.

It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Its tone quality is so distinctive that it is not necessary in an orchestra to have exactly the same number of violas as of second violins. Since violinists do not regard pizzicato as an integral part of the art of violin playing they have hardly studied it. It beelioz enough to examine any of his works to lay bare his limited skill in this respect […].

Berlioz Treatise on orchestration

It took seventy years to reach that point! This has always been the case, and there is therefore no cause for surprise. Nowadays violas are often divided into first and second. I cannot guess why. The only exception that should be made is for those instruments that are excessively powerful or have a timbre that stands out because of its individuality.

Translated by Theodore Front. Meyerbeer has entrusted to the bass clarinet an eloquent monologue in the trio of Act V of Les Huguenots Example. But the player must never attack them with force, as they then produce a dry and hard sound, rather like the sound made when breaking a glass, and this is unpleasant and irritating.


To please these people it was absolutely essential to saturate compositions with major or minor seconds, sevenths, ninths, fifths and fourths, used without reason or purpose, unless it is assumed that the point of this harmonic style is to offend the ear as often as possible. Any sounding body that is used by a composer is a musical instrument. Foreword by Richard Strauss.

A distinction must be drawn between theatre orchestras and concert orchestras. Article PDF first page preview. The table below outlines the contents of this page. Then came the turn of modulations. The result is that they dominate instead of blending with the whole, and the instrumental writing becomes shrill and harsh instead of being sonorous and harmonious.

Treatise On Instrumentation

Cymbals are often used in conjunction with the bass drum, but as I have just said about the latter instrument, they can be used separately to excellent effect in many circumstances. Care should be taken in this case to provide numerous tuning forks in the orchestra; this is the only way to preserve exactly the correct pitch of a crowd of instruments that are so different in character and temperament.

Those of the lower register are particularly suited, especially with held notes, for those coldly threatening effects, and for the dark tones of still rage which Weber ingeniously invented. Pizzicato plucked strings is also widely used with bowed instruments.

Behind all these fine combinations melody was non-existent. The instrument requires harmony, or at least the unison of the other members of its family for its various qualities to manifest themselves completely.

This danger disappears if the phrase can suitably be played at the same time by one or more trombones, whose mighty voice will then cover up and ennoble that of the cornet. Similarly for the third with the basses. It is imposed on composers more by habit, routine, laziness and lack of thought than for reasons of economy, though these are unfortunately all too compelling, particularly in France.

Te Deum8th movement; the original version of the Royal Hunt and Storm from Les Troyens was written for saxhorns, which nowadays are replaced by horns, trumpets, and cornets; the same applies to the great finale the Trojan March of Act I of Les Troyens ]. It seems to me that there is only one set of circumstances where it could blend with a chorus and an orchestra without detriment, but only on condition that it orhcestration itself in majestic isolation.

Common terms and phrases Actual pitch Allegro alto trombone Andante aria arpeggios bass clarinet bass drum bass trombone bass tuba Bassi bassoon Beethoven Berlioz better bugle character Chor chords chorus chromatic intervals combined composer Cornet cresc treatisd double double-basses effect employed English horn Example executed fifth finger flute four fourth string G-clef Gluck hand harmonics harp high tones Horn in F Hrnr impossible impracticable Including the chromatic instru kettledrums keys Klar Klar.


Table of contents Top of the page. But if they were to put their bow aside and used the thumb and three fingers, with the right hand supported by the little finger resting on the body treaise the violin, as is done when playing the guitar, they would soon be able to play with ease and at speed passages such as the following, which at the moment are impossible.

In my Requiem I have used the bass drum forte without cymbals and played with two sticks. The majority of orchestras nowadays still only have one pair of timpani, the largest of which is reserved for verlioz lower note.

Let us just say that instrumentation is at the head of the march and has reached the stage of exaggeration. It commands all the accents, grave or powerful, of high musical poetry, from imposing and calm religious tones to the frenzied clamour of an orgy.

It should be noted that in this example and berliiz many other passages Beethoven orchestrarion given to the basses low notes which they cannot play, and this suggests that the orchestra for which he wrote included double basses which could reach down to C an octave below the low C of the cellos, which are no longer found today.


No other wind instrument is able like the clarinet to voice a note quietly, make it to swell, decrease, and fade away. It is not capable berkioz of voicing passionate laments, and tones of acute grief are more or less beyond its reach.

The sounds of the second octave can be very suitable for pieces of a joyful character, and the whole dynamic range can be used. When at rest it would be majestic like a slumbering ocean. Retrieved from ” https: