Downshift April Meet | Downshift
Apr 3, bornholm-sommerhus.info or email: [email protected] April Saturday, April 28, AM (meet in Malibu). Meet at at the . morning Zone 8 concours, the first event of the season. As they say .. downshift yet). The Rocklea Showgrounds would yet again have to prove itself against hundreds of car enthusiasts for the April Downshift Meet, since March. “Who is the Fairest of Them All?” November 24, Available at: “Meet the CarrotMob. “Kalle Lasn: The Man Who Inspired the Occupy Movement.” November 5 Hamilton, Clive and Elizabeth Mail. Downshifting in Australia.
I decided to try and drive around that problem for the following three runs in the morning, but had little success in improving my times. A new approach would be needed for the afternoon After our morning runs, it was time to work.
Fortunately, the drivers in the second group were relatively fastidious, as far as hitting cones was concerned, so there was not too much sprinting required to retrieve downed cones. We did get to witness a few spins and near-spins, but all of the participants and cars were able to continue without incident.Down Shift November 2018
My worker station allowed me a good vantage point for one of the more critical sections of the course, and I was intrigued to see some different approaches that were taken at that point.
I vowed to discuss that issue over lunch. During lunch I decided that I would try the "third gear" approach to the straightaway. I had learned from the April event that shifting needs to be done in a straight line, so that meant early. It's easy if you have 3 feet. Not my strongest point!
Downshift Late July Meet | Downshift
I also decided to try a different approach to the back side of the course, after talking to a couple of the more talented pilots over lunch. As I approached the end of the straight the first time in 3rd, I was definitely going faster, but then came the shift back to 2nd gear, and it worked!
The new approach to the back section didn't seem to be as successful, as I couldn't get the car to turn properly. Also, as the day warmed up, there seemed to be less grip, so I decided to reduce the air pressure in the tires, which improved matters. Finally, for the last two runs, I switched back to my "morning" approach to the back side of the course, and improved on both runs.
All in all, a great learning experience! Our next event is the Ladies Day event on July 7, which will run prior to publication of the newsletter. So mark your calendars for July 21 for Round 7 of the season. I guarantee you'll learn new things about your driving and your car! See you out on the course! Click here for detailed results from all Redwood Region autocross events. I am looking out my window and see all the pavement very wet and think to myself not today!
This will be our 3rd time doing one of our best events that not only highlights the wonderfulness of Porsches, but also draws a number of new members and is a charity event for CASA Court Appointed Special Advocates of Sonoma County.
I arrive at 7: A bit of history: Joe works for the City of Sonoma and was responsible for suggesting that we do Porsches on the Plaza several years ago. What a great idea and a perfect venue for the Redwood Region. What could be better than a mini car show, a picnic on the beautiful park grounds, and general fun in the sun?! A perfect day on the Sonoma Plaza, with Porsches of nearly every model and color photo by John Jackson Next to arrive were the cars being trailered in: Derek from TRG fires up 66 to back it out of the trailer and the sounds echo around the Plaza on a Sunday morning.
Birds take flight, etc. I love the smells of racing gasoline in the morning! The rest of the field starts showing up at 8: You name it, it was there, from a Spyder clone to the latest courtesy of Sonnen Porsche! Every Porsche color in the rainbow and then some. I will let the pictures tell the story! Porsches line the east end of the Plaza photo by Barbara McCrory Around lunchtime, the sun finally breaks through and the crowds file through to peruse our Porsches and talk to the owners.
The best comment I heard was a father and young daughter combo and she said to him, "Dad, are you going to talk to every owner? Dad was on his cell phone telling his Porsche friends about the show. I watched them and, yes, the dad talked to almost every owner with his reluctant daughter in tow! Moreover studying Japanese downshifters could give a necessary contribution to international comparative studies of consumer behaviour. This study, therefore, addresses the following topics, questions and hypotheses: The first main topic is downshifting, which is simply defined as reducing expenses, regardless the intention, voluntarily or involuntarily.
In this study downshifting is operationalised as concrete behavioural practices. Since previous studies demonstrated that the voluntary or involuntary nature of downshifting could significantly influence results, the Japan study included both voluntary and involuntary downshifters. The second topic explored is the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of downshifters.
Contrary to the popular belief that voluntary downshifting is predominantly an upper middle class phenomenon, empirical data have revealed this not to be the case. Blue-collar and white-collar workers are equally represented Schorwhile high income groups did have fewer numbers of downshifters. Finally, all studies reported that people in their thirties are more likely to downshift than those in their forties and fifties.
These considerations led to the following research question: What are the characteristics of downshifters in Japan? Are there important differences between voluntary and involuntary downshifters? Living with less money affects important life domains because of the reduction of specific expenditures Schreurs We collected empirical data on changes in consumption expenditures so that we could explore how consumers prioritised expenses.
How do Japanese downshifters adjust their consumption expenditures, and are there differences between voluntary and involuntary downshifters? For which goods and services did voluntary and involuntary downshifters increase expenditures?
Japanese downshifters tend to adjust their consumption expenditures in similar manners as downshifters in Europe or the USA. The fourth topic explored experiences of downshifting in the context of postmodern consumer society. Downshifters reported feelings of relief or a sense of personal freedom. Downshifters also reported of developing a more critical attitude towards society and higher levels of active social engagement.
Greater emphasis on caring for health has also been noted Drake Lastly, Hamilton concluded that downshifting is a change process in which money and material possessions play a minor role.
Downshifters also reported negative experiences, for instance increased anxiety over finances. Disciplined financial planning and careful spending have thus been perceived as negative aspects of downshifting Schreurs ; Drake These findings directed the following questions and hypotheses: What are the main positive experiences of living with less money of Japanese voluntary and involuntary downshifters?
What are the main negative experiences of living with less money of Japanese voluntary and involuntary downshifters? The Netherlands study Living with Less Schreurs found that voluntary downshifters were confronted with reproach and critique from their peer group, and this appears to be confirmed by Breakspear and Hamilton who also reported that the downshifters in their study received negative reactions from their social environment.
These findings further encouraged us to test the following hypotheses: Involuntary downshifters have higher scores on the negative experiences than voluntary downshifters. Voluntary downshifters experience more social critics than involuntary downshifter. Since downshifters do not live in a social vacuum but interact with their social-cultural context, a major objective of this study was to examine this interplay, in particular with regard to the attitudes: Social-cultural consumption theories in the tradition of VeblenBourdieu and the anthropologist, Douglasform the academic frame of reference for our study of downshifting De Geus ; Holt ; ; Schor ; We assumed that downshifting as a consumption phenomenon is entangled with postmodern tendencies of hyper-consumption.
In the Netherlands Schreurs we showed negative reactions and critiques from the social environment. Since all propositions in this scale address practices and not values, this measure appeared to be congruent with the general research focus on concrete consumer behaviour, and two propositions 9 and 10 measure feelings of autonomy and independence. Based on these deliberations the following research question and hypotheses were included: What are the scores of Japanese downshifters on the frugality scale, and are there differences between voluntary and involuntary downshifters?
Japanese downshifters are very disciplined in spending money and less receptive to inter-personal or commercial influences than other people.
Japanese downshifters have strong feelings of autonomy and self-determination, and a strong tendency to organise their life according to their own system of standards and values. The sixth topic in this study is sustainability. Due to recent discussions on energy shortage and climate change, the call to moderate consumption has become increasingly more compelling.
Although technical solutions remain the primary focus of attention, seeking to change consumer behaviour is receiving increasing support. This attention is not limited to reducing the use of fossil fuels.
Downshifting And Sustainability in Japan
It also includes generally lowering CO2 emissions, limiting waste, and moderating the use of resources. These steps are perceived as not only necessary but also inevitable if we are to increase sustainability Jackson ; Assadourian This study goes beyond the common definition of sustainable consumption as consuming green products as it explores opportunities for sustainable living or a sustainable lifestyle. This view holds that a sustainable lifestyle results from putting the right balance between the three pillars.
The basic assumption is the concurrency between the pillars and their mutual interdependence: Therefore this study collected data on eco-friendly consumer behaviour such as reduced energy consumption and transportation, but also on personal expenses, health and wellbeing, each of them as positive or negative experiences. In sum, the purpose of this important element of the study was to explore the connection between sustainability and living with less and to examine the triple pillar balance, as exemplified in the following research question: How does downshifting contribute to sustainability and do voluntary and involuntary downshifters differ in this respect?
Methods Procedure The original questionnaire, which was used in the Netherlands and partly also in North America, was pretested twice and adjusted to the Japanese situation. Pre-tests of this questionnaire showed that two parts did not fit well with the Japanese situation. The extended list of 31 consumption activities regarding purchasing, food, leisure, environment, do-it-yourself and mobility question 45 in the original version did not parallel with activities of Japanese consumers.
JDMST August – Melbourne | Downshift
The list of activities could easily lead to misunderstandings, but it would take much extra time and study to adjust the list to the Japanese situation. Therefore, I decided to omit this part. The second adjustment concerned the two open questions of the positive and negative experiences. These questions were replaced by closed questions reflecting the categorisation of positive and negative experiences which resulted from these questions in the original study in the Netherlands. The adjusted questionnaire then was translated in Japanese and pre-tested several times by CIAS colleagues before being finalised.
Questionnaires were distributed by staff members of Kyoto University amongst a group of volunteers of the waste awareness program of the Do You Kyoto campaign.
Completed surveys were accepted from July until December 31,