How did World War I help to bring about the Russian Revolution? | Socratic
WORLD WAR ONE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION by the end of October the Russian army had lost between and million killed, with another. Russia entered WWI as a result of Czar Nicholas II's appallingly bad The kings of (among other countries) England, Germany and Russia. What happened to Russia after leaving WW1 in ? with a bloody civil war between the Bolsheviks and the conservative White Guard.
They were fired upon by soldiers and many of them were killed or injured. This day is called Bloody Sunday. Before Bloody Sunday many peasants and working class people revered the Tsar and thought that he was on their side.
BBC - History - World Wars: War and Revolution in Russia -
They blamed their troubles on the government, not on the Tsar. However, after the shootings, the Tsar was perceived as an enemy of the working class and the desire for revolution began to spread. A huge Russian army was formed by forcing working class and peasant men to join.
Although the Russian army had great numbers, the soldiers were not equipped or trained to fight. Many of them were sent into battle without shoes, food, and even weapons.
Over the next three years, nearly 2 million Russian soldiers were killed in battle and nearly another 5 million were wounded. The Russian people blamed the Tsar for entering the war and getting so many of their young men killed. The February Revolution The people of Russia first revolted in early The revolution began when a number of workers decided to strike.
Many of these workers got together during the strike to discuss politics. They began to riot. The Tsar, Nicholas II, ordered the army to suppress the riot.
However, many of the soldiers refused to fire on the Russian people and the army began to mutiny against the Tsar. After a few days of riots, the army turned against the Tsar.
The Tsar was forced to give up his throne and a new government took over. The government was run by two political parties: Bolshevik Revolution Over the next several months the two sides ruled Russia. One of the main factions of the Petrograd Soviet was a group called the Bolsheviks. The next year, Nicholas assumed direct control of the army as Commander in Chief, placing himself personally responsible for subsequent defeats.
A chance to end the stalemate on the Eastern Front came in the summer of Representatives from Britain, France, Russia and Italy which joined the war on the side of the Triple Entente in agreed at the Chantilly conferences of to undertake coordinated action against the Central Powers.
- War and Revolution in Russia 1914 - 1921
- How did World War I help to bring about the Russian Revolution?
- What You Need to Know First to Understand the Russian Revolution
Under the command of General Alexei Brusilov, units of Russian shock troops broke through Austria-Hungarian lines in what is now western Ukraine and prompted Germany to divert forces from Verdun on the Western front.
The victories achieved by the Brusilov offensive came at a cost of a million Russian soldiers and ultimately came to an end in September because of persistent supply shortages in the Carpathian Mountains. Just as Nicholas was experiencing military setbacks on the Eastern front, his wife, Alexandra, was overwhelmed by challenges on the home front. The importance of the railways for transporting military supplies to the front disrupted the transportation of food to the cities and, outside of sugar, no other goods were subject to a regimented rationing system.
Alexandra and her two eldest daughters, Olga and Tatiana, trained as nurses, endowed hospital trains and established committees to address the needs of war widows and orphans, and refugees. The philanthropy of the Imperial women, however, could not compensate for the absence of a coordinated government response to the needs of thousands of wounded soldiers, military families and displaced persons.
The Russian Revolution - World War I
In their correspondence, the royal couple expressed relief that Alexei had recovered from a life-threatening nosebleed. Before the war, Rasputin provided spiritual counsel for the Imperial couple and prayed for the recovery of the heir to the throne. During the war, however, Rasputin provided Nicholas and Alexandra with political advice. Alexandra, in turn, became a deeply unpopular figure because of her familial relationship with Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany they were first cousins and her perceived reliance on Rasputin.
In these conditions, the Duma assumed the role of critiquing the policies of the czarist regime and demanded even further reform. For purposes of these columns, we will use the Gregorian calendar dates, which we use today, but Russia only started using in February Hence, the Bolsheviks took power on November 7,even though it was called the October Revolution.
The Murder of Rasputin Like this article? Carolyn Harris teaches history at the University of Toronto, School of Continuing Studies and writes about history and royalty at Royalhistorian.