Sociology: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOLOGY AND HISTORY
Essay on the Relationship Between Sociology and History – Sociology and History are very much interrelated. Like political science, sociology is becoming one. PDF | On Jun 5, , GEORGE STEINMETZ and others published The Relations between Sociology and History in the United States: The. Sociology and History are closely and intimately related to each other. Sociology cannot be separated from History and History cannot be.
Sociology cannot be separated from History and History cannot be isolated from sociology.
Relationship between Sociology and History
That is why Professor G. Howard remarked "History is the past Sociology and Sociology is the present History", John Seely says that" History without Sociology has no fruit, Sociology without History has no root". History is mainly concerned with past events. It is systematic record of the story of mankind.
History presents a chronological account of past events of the human society. It is the social science, which deals with past events and studies the past social, political and economic aspects of the country, According to Gettle "History is the record of the past events and movements, their causes and inter-relations''.
What is the relationship between Sociology and History?
It includes a survey of conditions, or developments in economic, religious and social affairs as well as the study of states, their growth and organization and their relation with one another. Both Sociology and History depend upon each other and can influence one another. Sociology depends upon History in order to study past events and situations.
History of cultures and institutions is helpful in the understanding of sociology and on the collections of materials. In order to understand the past society and activities, we have to take the help of History. Sociology concerned with the study of the historical development of human society.
It studies ancient customs, modes of living, various stages of life and past social institutions through the historical analysis. This information about the past is of great importance to sociologists. For instance, if a sociologist has to study family and marriage as social institutions he has to study their historical developments also.
- What is the relationship between Sociology and History?
Owing to this reason, Arnold Toynbee's book "A Study of History" and Spengler's book "Decline of the West" are very valuable of the study of sociology. In the same way, Sociology provides social background of the study of History. History is now being studied from the sociological viewpoint.
History supplies facts, which are interpreted and coordinated by the sociologists. The historians need social background for writing and analyzing history and this is provided by the sociologists. The study of History would be meaningless without the appreciation of sociological significance.
History becomes meaningful in the social content. Difference between Sociology and History: The two social sciences History and Sociology are different. The points of difference between the two may be noted. Sociology is interested in the study of the present social phenomena with all their complexities. Thus, a sociologist must take the help of historical data, because he is unable to find such a type of information through observations. Sociology is different from History, as Sociology covers the past, present, and future events regarding human behaviour whereas, History, restricts itself to the past only.
Analysis of historical data facilitates to obtain sociological generalization regarding present social institutions. Historical information may provide the basis to trace past trends of social movements, social and cultural changes. Even some of the historians have written social histories, i. Differences between Sociology and History Sociology It is interested in the study of the present social phenomena. It is a young social science.
It is based on analytics. It is absorbed in nature. It studies mostly regular, the recurrent and the universal. Sociology is generalized and seeks to establish generalizations after a careful study of the social phenomena. Sociology follows the sociological approach. It studies human events from the sociological point of view. History It deals with past events of humans.