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Panjnad River (Urdu/Punjabi Shahmukhi: پنجند , (panj = five, nadi = river) is a river at the extreme end of Bahawalpur district in Punjab, Pakistan. Panjnad River is formed by successive confluence or merger of the five rivers of the Punjab, namely Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. Categories. Lakes · Rivers. Plan View showing Beas and Satluj rivers; Pandoh dam, tunnels, hydel Pandoh Lake is created by Pandoh Dam and is located about 19 kilometres (12 mi). Indus River System: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas & Satluj Indus, Glaciers of Kailas Range (Close to Manasarovar Lake), km total. and it takes a south -westerly direction and meets the Satluj river at Harike in Punjab.
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It will take a whole day drive down NH from Shimla to arrive at Kalpa. Other than the spectacular views, Kalpa is also famous for its high-quality chilgozas and apples. The conventional Chini village at Kalpa is constructed wholly in stone and provides the most magnificent sights of the Kinner Kailash from Kalpa. One more important tourist draw in Kalpa is the Mahabodhi Monastery, which is assumed to be over one hundred year old. A casual stroll down the Roghi village road is also suggested for its amazing sights.
If you drive down NH22 Kalpa from Shimla the state capital, Kalpa is located at a motoring distance of km. However, you need to drive for minimum10 hours as the roads are perilous in certain areas. The road to Kalpa is obstructed during the winter months of December to February, and all the hotels in Kalpa are closed throughout that period. Sarahan is situated at a height of around 2, meters over sea surface. It is home to the renowned Bhimakali Temple, the controlling goddess of the monarchs of the earlier Bushahr State of Rampur.
The place is surrounded by apple groves and is an attractive place for strolls through highland pastures showing the way to fabulous spots of interest. When you get the sight of the Srikhand Mahadev 5, meters over the Sutlej basin, you will have a magnificent feeling.
The principal tourist draw of the town is the Bhimakali Temple, which is an exotic combination of architectural patterns followed by both Hindu and Buddhist places of worship. The temple has been sculpted with rocks and timber. The place is km from Shimla and km from New Delhi.
The most effective means to arrive at Sarahan is to tour by train to Kalka or by flights to Chandigarh and subsequently journey by road to Sarahan.
You can hire jeeps and cabs to visit Sarahan. You can also avail bus services from Shimla, the state capital of Himachal Pradesh.
From Shimla, it will take around 6 hours on road to arrive at Sarahan. Tattapani Famous for the Hot Springs Tattapani or Taptapani is located at an elevation of meters.
It is a calm small village, which is home to many tourist draws for those who look for calm, refreshment, and soft adventure. A number of little hot sulfur springs are located beside the right riverbanks of the Sutlej, which spans more than one sq km.
Tattapani stands for hot water. A bath here is extremely advantageous for those who are having problems from arthritic pains, any type of skin infections, or tiredness. A dive in these hot springs is believed to offer the much-required respite.
The distinctive stony structures convert a number of these springs into natural bathtubs. However, the hot water pools are not similar to the springs. These pools just evaporate when the intensity of the Sutlej grows in June-July and resurface in November-December. Tattapani is not just a spot of attraction for adventure and nature enthusiasts. The place is also a famous pilgrimage spot for the devotees. Thousands of Hindus visit the place round the year.
They piously regard the month of Magha between January and February propitious for a bath. It is assumed that by taking a bath, you can wash out all your misdeeds from yourself. The occasion of Baisakhi April 13is also regarded propitious to bathe in this spring. Flocks of religious devotees assemble here during the occasion of Lohri, which takes place on January 26 every year and Tara Ratri as well.
Then it descends into Baltistan, northern Pakistan passing the main Balti city of Skardu. A river from Dubair Bala also drains into it at Dubair Bazar. People living in this area are mainly Kohistani and speak the Kohistani language. As it continues through Pakistan, the Indus river forms a distinctive boundary of ethnicity and cultures — upon the western banks the population is largely PashtunBalochand of other Iranian stock.
The eastern banks are largely populated by people of Indo-Aryan stock, such as the Punjabis and the Sindhis. The people living along the Indus river speak Punjabi and Sindhi on the eastern side in Punjab and Sindh provinces respectivelyPushto plus Balochi as well as Barohi in Khyber Pakhtoonkha and Baluchistan provinces. In the province of Sindh, the upper third of the river is inhabited by people speaking Saraiki; which is a somewhat transitional dialect of the Punjabi and Sindhi languages.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message Satellite images of the upper Indus River valley, comparing water-levels on 1 August top and 31 July bottom The Indus is a strategically vital resource for Pakistan's economy and society.
After Pakistan and India declared Independence from the British Rajthe use of the waters of the Indus and its five eastern tributaries became a major dispute between India and Pakistan.
The irrigation canals of the Sutlej valley and the Bari Doab were split — with the canals lying primarily in Pakistan and the headwork dams in India disrupting supply in some parts of Pakistan. The concern over India building large dams over various Punjab rivers that could undercut the supply flowing to Pakistan, as well as the possibility that India could divert rivers in the time of war, caused political consternation in Pakistan.
The treaty gave India control of the three easternmost rivers of the Punjab, the Sutlejthe Beas and the Raviwhile Pakistan gained control of the three western rivers, the Jhelumthe Chenab and the Indus. India retained the right to use of the western rivers for non-irrigation projects. Sediment clogging from poor maintenance of canals has affected agricultural production and vegetation on numerous occasions.
Irrigation itself is increasing soil salinization, reducing crop yields and in some cases rendering farmland useless for cultivation. It debouches into the Chenab a little above Rangpur in Pakistani Punjab. Beas River The Beas originates near the Rohtang Pass, at a height of 4, m above sea level, on the southern end of the Pir Panjal Range, close to the source of the Ravi. It crosses the Dhaola Dhar range and it takes a south-westerly direction and meets the Satluj river at Harike in Punjab.
It is a comparatively small river which is only km long but lies entirely within the Indian territory. It cuts deep gorges where it pierces the Great Himalaya and the other Himalayan ranges. Before entering the Punjab plain, it cuts a gorge in Naina Devi Dhar, where the famous Bhakra dam has been constructed. After entering the plain at Rupnagar Roparit turns westwards and is joined by the Beas at Harike. From near Ferozepur to Fazilka it forms the boundary between India and Pakistan for nearly km.
During its onward journey it receives the collective drainage of the Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum rivers. It joins the Indus a few kilometres above Mithankot.
Out of its total length of 1, km, it flows for 1, km in Indian territory. Indus water treaty The waters of the Indus river system are shared by India and Pakistan according to the Indus Water Treaty signed between the two countries on 19th September, According to this treaty, India can utilize only 20 per cent of its total discharge of water.