character of Atticus Finch, the lawyer in To Kill A Mockingbird, to illustrate some of the moral and ethical son, Jeremy Atticus (Jem), born in , and a daughter, Jean. Louise (Scout) . These statements are reported by Scout in relation to the Robin- son case. president. That institution, gentlemen, is a court a living. students make the essential connection between history and the spoken by Atticus Finch in Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird .. convicted Robinson, Atticus tells Jem that if he and 11 other boys like military institution. Justice is an important theme in To Kill a Mockingbird, in which Scout confronts “Our courts have their faults, as does any human institution, but in this country our As Atticus explains to Jem, “The one place where a man ought to get a.
List of To Kill a Mockingbird characters The story takes place during three years —35 of the Great Depression in the fictional "tired old town" of Maycomb, Alabama, the seat of Maycomb County.
It focuses on six-year-old Jean Louise Finch nicknamed Scoutwho lives with her older brother Jeremy nicknamed Jem and their widowed father Atticus, a middle-aged lawyer.
Jem and Scout befriend a boy named Dill, who visits Maycomb to stay with his aunt each summer. The three children are terrified, yet fascinated by their neighbor, the reclusive Arthur "Boo" Radley. The adults of Maycomb are hesitant to talk about Boo, and few of them have seen him for many years. The children feed one another's imagination with rumors about his appearance and reasons for remaining hidden, and they fantasize about how to get him out of his house.
After two summers of friendship with Dill, Scout and Jem find that someone is leaving them small gifts in a tree outside the Radley place. Several times the mysterious Boo makes gestures of affection to the children, but, to their disappointment, he never appears in person.
Judge Taylor appoints Atticus to defend Tom Robinson, a black man who has been accused of raping a young white woman, Mayella Ewell. Although many of Maycomb's citizens disapprove, Atticus agrees to defend Tom to the best of his ability. Other children taunt Jem and Scout for Atticus's actions, calling him a " nigger -lover". Scout is tempted to stand up for her father's honor by fighting, even though he has told her not to.
To Kill a Mockingbird Quotes, Atticus Finch, Scout, Jem, Maudie
One night, Atticus faces a group of men intent on lynching Tom. This crisis is averted in an unexpected manner. Scout, Jem, and Dill show up, and Scout inadvertently breaks the mob mentality by recognizing and talking to a classmate's father, and the would-be lynchers disperse.
Atticus does not want Jem and Scout to be present at Tom Robinson's trial. No seat is available on the main floor, but the Rev. Sykes invites Jem, Scout, and Dill to watch from the colored balcony. Atticus establishes that the accusers—Mayella and her father, Bob Ewell, the town drunk —are lying. It also becomes clear that the friendless Mayella made sexual advances toward Tom, and that her father caught her and beat her. Everyone knows that the white trash Ewells are not to be trusted, but the jury convicts Tom anyway.
Jem's faith in justice is badly shaken. Atticus is hopeful that he can get the verdict overturned, but Tom is shot and killed while trying to escape from prison. Despite Tom's conviction, Bob Ewell is humiliated by the events of the trial, Atticus explaining that he "destroyed [Ewell's] last shred of credibility at that trial. Finally, he attacks Jem and Scout while they are walking home on a dark night after the school Halloween pageant. Jem suffers a broken arm in the struggle, but amid the confusion someone comes to the children's rescue.
The mysterious man carries Jem home, where Scout realizes that he is Boo Radley. Sheriff Tate arrives and discovers Ewell dead from a knife wound. Atticus believes that Jem was responsible, but Tate is certain it was Boo.
The sheriff decides that, to protect Boo's privacy, he will report that Ewell simply fell on his own knife during the attack. Boo asks Scout to walk him home. After she says goodbye to him at his front door, he disappears again, never to be seen again by Scout.
While standing on the Radley porch, Scout imagines life from Boo's perspective. Autobiographical elements Lee has said that To Kill a Mockingbird is not an autobiographybut rather an example of how an author "should write about what he knows and write truthfully". Lee's father, Amasa Coleman Lee, was an attorney, similar to Atticus Finch, and inhe defended two black men accused of murder.
After they were convicted, hanged and mutilated,  he never tried another criminal case. Lee's father was also the editor and publisher of the Monroeville newspaper. Although more of a proponent of racial segregation than Atticus, he gradually became more liberal in his later years.
To Kill a Mockingbird Quotes by Atticus Finch, Scout, Jem and Miss Maudie
Lee's mother was prone to a nervous condition that rendered her mentally and emotionally absent. Lee modeled the character of Dill on Truman Capoteher childhood friend known then as Truman Persons.
Both Lee and Capote loved to read, and were atypical children in some ways: Lee was a scrappy tomboy who was quick to fight, and Capote was ridiculed for his advanced vocabulary and lisp. She and Capote made up and acted out stories they wrote on an old Underwood typewriter that Lee's father gave them.
They became good friends when both felt alienated from their peers; Capote called the two of them "apart people". He was hidden until virtually forgotten; he died in The story and the trial were covered by her father's newspaper, which reported that Lett was convicted and sentenced to death. After a series of letters appeared claiming Lett had been falsely accused, his sentence was commuted to life in prison.
He died there of tuberculosis in However, inLee stated that she had in mind something less sensational, although the Scottsboro case served "the same purpose" to display Southern prejudices. Part of the beauty is that she Her art is visual, and with cinematographic fluidity and subtlety we see a scene melting into another scene without jolts of transition.
After Dill promises to marry her, then spends too much time with Jem, Scout reasons the best way to get him to pay attention to her is to beat him up, which she does several times. Satire and irony are used to such an extent that Tavernier-Courbin suggests one interpretation for the book's title: Lee is doing the mocking—of education, the justice system, and her own society—by using them as subjects of her humorous disapproval.
This prompts their black housekeeper Calpurnia to escort Scout and Jem to her church, which allows the children a glimpse into her personal life, as well as Tom Robinson's.
She is so distracted and embarrassed that she prefers to go home in her ham costume, which saves her life. The grotesque and near-supernatural qualities of Boo Radley and his house, and the element of racial injustice involving Tom Robinson, contribute to the aura of the Gothic in the novel.
Furthermore, in addressing themes such as alcoholism, incestrape, and racial violence, Lee wrote about her small town realistically rather than melodramatically. She portrays the problems of individual characters as universal underlying issues in every society. Lee seems to examine Jem's sense of loss about how his neighbors have disappointed him more than Scout's.
Jem says to their neighbor Miss Maudie the day after the trial, "It's like bein' a caterpillar wrapped in a cocoon I always thought Maycomb folks were the best folks in the world, least that's what they seemed like". Just as the novel is an illustration of the changes Jem faces, it is also an exploration of the realities Scout must face as an atypical girl on the verge of womanhood. As one scholar writes, "To Kill a Mockingbird can be read as a feminist Bildungsroman, for Scout emerges from her childhood experiences with a clear sense of her place in her community and an awareness of her potential power as the woman she will one day be.
Threatening Boundaries,  Despite the novel's immense popularity upon publication, it has not received the close critical attention paid to other modern American classics. Don Noble, editor of a book of essays about the novel, estimates that the ratio of sales to analytical essays may be a million to one. Christopher Metress writes that the book is "an icon whose emotive sway remains strangely powerful because it also remains unexamined". However, she gave some insight into her themes when, in a rare letter to the editor, she wrote in response to the passionate reaction her book caused: Reviewers were generally charmed by Scout and Jem's observations of their quirky neighbors.
One writer was so impressed by Lee's detailed explanations of the people of Maycomb that he categorized the book as Southern romantic regionalism. Scout's Aunt Alexandra attributes Maycomb's inhabitants' faults and advantages to genealogy families that have gambling streaks and drinking streaks and the narrator sets the action and characters amid a finely detailed background of the Finch family history and the history of Maycomb.
Carrying a gun does not make a man brave. Courage is when you face impossible odds and still try anyway. Here Atticus is saying to keep calm, don't panic and that they'll cross that bridge when they come to it. Here Atticus is describing the principles of blind justice and equality under the law. Courts should decide cases objectively without favoring any race or gender, for example.
It is mandatory for a person to receive equal treatment under the law, however a prejudiced jury can still deny a person justice and destroy this ideal. No matter a person's status or race, if they are racist or unscrupulous then they are still a bad person. Here Scout is talking to Atticus about how Boo Radley turned out to be a very nice person, despite her originally thinking he was a monster. Atticus points out that most people turn out to be good once you get to know them and that it's usually prejudging people without knowing them that makes you dislike others.
Therefore the quotes below attributed to Scout are both the quotes said by Scout as a child in To Kill a Mockingbird and the quotes said by the book's narrator. One does not love breathing. Often we don't appreciate something until it's gone or until we are close to losing it. Scout demonstrates this by referring to breathing because it is something we take for granted, yet if we could no longer breathe we would certainly miss it.
Adjectives can be used to spin the meaning of sentences. But by ignoring them you can get to the essential meaning and bare points of passages of text. It is good manners to be considerate of other people and take an interest in what they care about instead of just pushing your own interests on them. We should not believe that other people are so different to us just because because they are of another race, like Tom Robinson, or because we do not know them well, like Boo Radley.
It's better to have an inclusive attitude than an "us vs them" mindset. This quote underlines the value of empathy, a frame of mind that speaks of compassion towards other people and understanding of what they are going through in life. If they're all alike, why do they go out of their way to despise each other? Scout, I think I'm beginning to understand something. I think I'm beginning to understand why Boo Radley's stayed shut up in the house all this time Jem couldn't understand why people would want to have hatred and prejudice towards each other.
Thus he began to see why Boo Radley would want to stay inside his home to get away from people who harbored these kinds of sentiments. Some people are more interested in worrying about religion and keeping religious rules than they are about caring about the lives and well-being of the people around them.
This can lead to the kind of problems we see in the world around us. Religiosity in some people can lead to injustices and bad outcomes because of the way bad people can interpret the Bible and use it for their own aims. This can have a worse effect on the world than even something as bad as alcoholism in a good person. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us.